The events of that fateful day would have profound social and political ramifications that resound in Grenada even now in Originally posted in Reposted every year on the anniversary of this day. Whether you share his politics or not, one unmistakable fact remains — he was one of the most charismatic West Indian political personalities ever. Bishop was quite a disciple of Malcolm, and I am always struck by the similarities in their oratory and their personal magnetism.
Like Malcolm, Bishop had the power to move crowds to tears, or to anger, when necessary. Women flocked to him, men admired him, the elderly adored him. Their rhetoric was similar as well:. We will have to recognise that our most important resource is our people.
You can read more about Bishop here. In the latter years of the Revolution or the Revo as it is still calledBishop and his political partner Bernard Coard began to drift apart ideologically. I remember that day even now. October 19th I was 12, and my grandmother kept my brother and me home from school. The citizenry was worried, confused and agitated. There were rumours of impending student demonstrations and strike actions.
Maurice Bishop, as Prime Minister, began to be criticized for his under-performance and lack of administrative leadership in relation to the crisis of multiple problems facing the country, including the deteriorating state of the economy. Another interesting point is that the Central Committee was a collective body with consensus or near consensus decision-making.
There is a concept that the needs of the collective soon supercede those of its members. They felt the marriage of the strengths of the two men would be beneficial for the country. The decision was, according to some, a formalization of the responsibilities previously borne by Bishop and Coard. Bishop had other ideas. Bishop said needed time to think about how joint leadership would work itself out day-to-day.
The house arrest occurred the evening of 12 October by unanimous decision of the remaining Central Committee members. There were frantic efforts to resolve the situation. Mediators Michael Als and Rupert Roopnarine were called in.
He was freed by a very large crowd with some reports atpeople. Many supporters were waiting for a speech from Maurice Bishop in Market Square. The soldiers there were persuaded to disarm. An unidentified person, either on the Fort or off the Fort fired the first gunshot. There is controversy over who fired first. Many civilians died, either by bullet or by trying to get off the Fort. In the melee, people sought to escape from Fort Rupert by jumping off from its heights.
Because of the elevated placement of Fort Rupert, citizens all over St. The photo below captures some of the horror. Whatever opinion you have about what caused the internal power struggle within the Government of Grenada, here was a situation of the deepest national tragedy.
The hard consequences of that conflict resulted in the deaths of the following eight people who were lined up facing a courtyard wall in Fort Rupert on 19 Octoberin the following order from left to right:.I can still remember that October 19, day in Grenada. I remember it was a kind of barmy day -- not too hot, not too sunny. And despite a nagging common cold that made me very uncomfortable, I'd come to the capital, St.
George's, to handle some business chores at the government-owned Grenada Beach Hotel in Grand Anse, being a member of its Board of Directors. His crime? He'd failed to honor a previous agreement to share leadership of the New Jewel Movement NJM with Deputy Prime Minister, and the de facto ideological and organizational leader of the party, Bernard Coard.
In addition to that workload, as demanded by the party, I was engaged in other civic activities as a board member of the government-owned Grenada Beach Hotel, member of the Parish Coordinating Body PCB of St. John's parish local government organizationand as a political instructor for workers on a major estate in that parish. My workload was so heavy that my first daughter, Asha, who was born one year before the Revolution Marchwould run away from me during the rare times when I was home during the day.
I would normally arrive home at around 2 a. Concerns over the party's cadre and the kinds of workloads described above caused an internal debate by the leadership. As part of my workload, I returned to Grenada from Cuba in July when the friction and debate were approaching fever pitch.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1983 International
By August and September, things were heading into crisis mode. The debate? How to recalibrate and reorganize the party in light of enormous and incredible social and economic strides with the growing fatigue of some of its members and the fact that a majority of the comrades were not effectively pulling their weight.
This was and is the central issue that consumed NJM, its leadership, and members. In fact, the party wanted to marry the talents of BOTH of its leaders to do what they did best -- Maurice to continue to "sink the roots of the party among the Grenadian masses" NJM's language and Bernard to be responsible for "internal party organization and ideological development" again NJM's language. In response to this proposal, unanimously voted upon by the party at its congress, including Prime Minister Bishop, only ONE person voted against he Prime Minister Bishop said that he just needed time -- a few days - to "internalize and operationalize how this was going to work now that we NJM were in power.
But influenced by some close associates and elements hostile to the Grenada Revolution, the prime minister reneged on his position. This is a fact. In a juvenile, immature fit, the military and hardline factions of the NJM's Central Committee pushed the idea to put Bishop under house arrest, ultimately influencing the membership to support that politically dangerous call. After the house arrest on October 18 I had the opportunity to visit Prime Minister Bishop at his official residence at Mt.
Weldale around p. I went there along with General Hudson Austin since it was felt that both of us had always had a great personal relationship with him. After all, I was his first Head of Personal Security a unit that I built and personal bodyguard from March 13 th -- the day the Revolution triumphed. Yes, I knew him far better than most. At his residence he greeted us in great spirits dressed as he did at home in short pants, shirt jac light blue and rubber slippers. We spoke about the present situation and I told him that he needed to diffuse it before things got out of control.Due to variances in the way the death index was created, some records may have incomplete partial Date of Death information.
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You can also have a look at the whole or at October 04 across the years.
Tuesday October 04, 1983
Which were the most popular Movies released in those months? Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your day free trial. See other popular movies of the week. Directed by: Carroll Ballard. Directed by: Francis Ford Coppola.
Directed by: Irvin Kershner. Directed by: Jean-Luc Godard.The Extraordinary Case of Alex Lewis (Miracle Documentary) - Real Stories
Directed by: Douglas Trumbull. Which were the top hits in that special week of October 04, ? Unlimited, ad-free streaming of over a million songs, 30 day Free Trial. Which were the most popular TV Series released in those months?
Directed by: Crystal Ellis. Directed by: Joseph L Leath. Discover the planets positions on October 04, as well as what the sky looked like at your place.
Which were the most popular books released in the last weeks?
Unlimited books on any devices, try your first month free. Her most controversial book is one you will never forget. An outspoken thinker, a celebrated actress, a truly independent woman, Shirley MacLaine goes beyond her previous two bestsellers to take us on. They lunch at Ma Maison and the Bistro on salads and hot gossip. By: Robert Moss and Arnaud de Borchgrave. A Cuban plot to bomb the U.
Discover how the world looked like in What the sky looked like on October 04, Get the star map showing the sky over this special date get the map of the stars on your day. Unlock the messages hidden in your date of birth See your personalized Video Numerology Report based on the digits of October 04, See your free Video.
Movies Which were the most popular Movies released in those months? Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your day free trial See other popular movies of the week. More info. Get birth, death, marriage, baptism records from October 04, Get these records. Be funny! Send your wishes in a special way Send cool videos and cards. Events Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of kph Famous Birthday Risa Kudo : Japanese gravure idol. Astrodienst AG : The incorporation date of Astrodienst Cubbie Fink : Bassist.Sniper attacks on American marines in Beirut over the last four days have underscored how exposed they and the Beirut International Airport are to hostile fire.
Two marines were killed by the sniper fire. Near the airport early yesterday there was a shootout between Lebanese Government forces and unidentified gunmen in which four people were reported killed. Page A1, Columns The Marines may be taking on an additional security role tomorrow. The Lebanese Government announced that the long-delayed national reconciliation conference of Christian and Moslem leaders would open then at the Beirut International Airport.
But whether the meeting will take place on schedule, if at all, remained in doubt. No sooner had the Beirut radio announced that the airport had been chosen as the conference site than it was rejected by an aide to the Druse leader.
The rules governing the Marines in Lebanon are being reviewed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, according to Pentagon officials.
They said the review included proposals to give the marines more freedom to return hostile fire. A rebuff on Nicaragua policy is in prospect for President Reagan. Speaker Thomas P.
O'Neill Jr. Reagan's use of marines in Lebanon, said he would oppose the Administration's continuing aid to Nicaraguan rebels in a key vote set for the House tomorrow. Catastrophic food shortages are in prospect for 22 African countries, according to a warning by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. The agency is convening a nation conference in Rome today to deal with the crisis. National A record affirmative-action accord was accepted by the General Motors Corporation.
Weinberger, according to Administration informants. An official said the commission took the step because it could not complete its review of the rate changes by Jan. Kathryn McDonald finished first in a candidate special election to fill the House seat of her late husband, but she faces a runoff next month.
Mice are protected from herpes and rabbits are protected from hepatitis by new vaccines just developed by scientists. They said they were confidient that comparable vaccines would be developed for humans. They are hopeful that the research will lead to production of the first successful vaccine against genital infections with herpes virus, which affect about nine million Americans.
There may be far more comets in the solar system than astronomers previously imagined, according to two arguments presented at a scientific meeting in Ithaca, N. By one estimate, the total number of comets may run to 2, billion. California's economy has recovered so strongly that aides to Gov. The computer enthusiasts who penetrated the electronic mail of the national space agency left cartoons and ''Kilroy was here'' messages for some agency employees and played pranks on others, according to an agency official.
Metropolitan Mayor Koch and Managua's Mayor engaged in a spirited but friendly, minute debate in San Juan, Puerto Rico, with each accusing the other's Government of causing the turmoil in Central America. Koch likened Nicaragua to the Soviet Union, saying both spurred political violence in neighboring countries and used the strife as a pretext to stifle domestic debate.
A suspect in a scam was arrested on a Greenwich Village street and charged with posing as the son of the actor Sidney Poitier to gain access to the homes of prominent New Yorkers.It was Wednesdayunder the sign of Libra see birth chart on October 12, Famous people born on this day include Harmony Rose and Emma Greenwood. The Right Stuffdirected by Philip Kaufmanwas one of the most viewed movies released in while Fatal Vision by Joe McGinniss was one of the best selling books.
If you liked videogames you were probably playing Bun Fun or Big Top.
1983 Beirut barracks bombings
But much more happened that day: find out below. You can also have a look at the whole or at October 12 across the years. Which were the most popular Movies released in those months? Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your day free trial. See other popular movies of the week. Directed by: Philip Kaufman. Directed by: David Cronenberg. Directed by: Roger Spottiswoode. Directed by: Carroll Ballard.
Which were the top hits in that special week of October 12, ? Unlimited, ad-free streaming of over a million songs, 30 day Free Trial. Which were the most popular TV Series released in those months? Directed by: Crystal Ellis. Directed by: Joseph L Leath. Discover the planets positions on October 12, as well as what the sky looked like at your place. Which were the most popular books released in the last weeks? Unlimited books on any devices, try your first month free.
Fatal Vision is the electrifying true story of Dr. Jeffrey MacDonald, the handsome, Princeton-educated physician convicted of savagely slaying his young pregnant wife and two small children, murders he vehemently denies. It was love at first sight. From the moment seventeen-year-old Arnie Cunningham saw Christine, he knew he would do anything to possess her. Originally published inthis bestseller is a compelling portrait of a young woman's experience in psychotherapy.
They lunch at Ma Maison and the Bistro on salads and hot gossip. Discover how the world looked like in What the sky looked like on October 12, Get the star map showing the sky over this special date get the map of the stars on your day. Unlock the messages hidden in your date of birth See your personalized Video Numerology Report based on the digits of October 12, See your free Video.Investigators believe they found the body of year-old Alex Cedillo in a heavily wooded, hard-to-access area of Whitacre Park.
It was about to feet from where Cedillo's car was found Monday, near a walking trail between Given and Drake roads. Lakshmi Sammarco. Investigators met with Cedillo's parents, grandparents and brother to deliver the sad news. Our hearts are broken for the Cedillo Family as Alex was a vibrant young man that we all loved. Cedillo's family said the park was a special place for him. He would often go there to take pictures to draw for his art class.
But they got worried after he turned off his phone and didn't show up for work Monday morning. His father told police his son had no mental, emotional or medical issues, so when Cedillo's car was discovered abandoned near the park, officials put out a "critical missing" alert. Would you like to receive local news notifications on your desktop? Yes please Not now. News Local News. Actions Facebook Tweet Email. Missing year-old Alex Cedillo found dead, officials say Coroner says death 'believed to be self-inflicted'.
The superintendent of Madeira Schools, Kenji Matsudo, released a statement that said, in part: "Early this afternoon, we learned that one of our recent graduates from the Madeira High School Class ofAlex Cedillo, passed away. Copyright Scripps Media, Inc.
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